When beginning to make your wine, you need to know some basic ingredients and tools you will require for this process of wine making to be a success. You need to understand the basics of wine making. You can allocate your basement or garage as your WINE making spots at home. Most famous wine producers are known to have begun winemaking at their garage. This article will guide you on the wine making process.
Some of the essential equipment you will require includes:
• Containers-among the most preferred containers is the glass water jug. Equipment needs to be made of glass. Its transparency ensures that you can observe what is going on in them, they are easy to clean, and that they don’t diminish in value when they are stored. Glass does not react to chemicals.
• Hydrometers- A hydrometer measures the gravity of the wine. By using a hydrometer, the winemaker can monitor the specific gravity of the wine. Also, you can oversee the fermentation process using a hydrometer.
Some other equipment you will need include brushes, crushers, and press.
2. Air Locks
During fermentation, wine produces gas. This gas needs to be allowed out of the container. The primary objective of the air lock is to shield your wine from harmful gasses in the atmosphere while in the process allowing gas from the wine escape out. It can be referred to as a sink trap. You should use the airlocks as a rubber bung when fitting it into the container opening. Some other air locks you can use include:
• Rubber caps
• Tapered corks
• Screw cap lids
When making your wine, you will need just a few chemicals. You will require a source of Sulfur Dioxide. Some of the sources of SO2 are Potassium Met bisulfite and Camp den tablets. If you are dealing with low acidity grapes, you will need Tartaric acid. If you are using grapes with high acidity, you will need Calcium Carbonate or Potassium bicarbonate. If you are making wine from other fruits apart from the grapes, you will require pectic enzymes and some yeast nutrients. A final chemical in the process is Tannin only if the wine is not clearing the impurities on its own.
4. Cleaning and sterilization
Your wine making equipment needs to be cleaned and sterilized often. The best chemical to use is Sal Soda. If you have any inert material, you can use Sodium Hypochlorite. You also need to use a mixture of water and potassium met bisulfite when cleaning your equipment before use. Although the use of regular detergent is ok, you might have a lot of suds.
Another essential thing needed when making wine is the removal of impurities. Removal of solids suspended in the wine is critical to producing a clear wine. You give your wine time as the impurities settle down, that is if you have the time to wait. As you know, time management is crucial. You can use other clarifying agents such as Bentonite and Sparkolloid. You also need to finish the process by passing your wine through a filter.
6. Bottling and Storage
After the making process, your wine needs to be bottled. You should bottle your wine in small quantities. If you are making your wine for home use, you can use the recycled bottles in your home. You can purchase the more designed wine bottles from the local stores if you plan on selling on transporting the wine. If you intend on using a cork on your bottles, you will need a corker when inserting it.
Storage is the final and most crucial step in wine making. Your wine needs an ideal condition to remain digestible. Ideal conditions include:
• Protection from direct sunlight
• Cool and even temperature
• Relatively high humidity
• Fresh air
A place with the above requirements is difficult to find. You should try your best to come close to the above room conditions when storing your wine. If you are not able to find such a place, you can easily set apart a palace in the house and store your wine there. You should avoid a place where the temperature will go beyond 80 degrees.